European Megalithic Culture Overview

European Megalithic Culture

The purpose of this timemap is to present as much data as is readily available to aid a discussion of the European Megalithic Culture which is an interesting strand running through the European Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze Age periods. Our main focus is on the Neolithic period of about 6500BC to 2500BC.

Diffusions of Cardium and Linear Pottery cultures (Wikicommons)

This map juxtaposes well established sites that form part of the European Megalithic culture and along side several of the cultures mentioned in O.G.S Crawford in his work The Eye Goddesses where he speculatively attempts to trace a cultural impulse from Tell Brak, down the Khabur Valley, through Ras al Shamra (Ugarit) which then spreads across the Mediterranean and whose influence can be found in North Africa, Malta, Southern Italy, Southern Iberia, Canary Islands, Brittany, Ireland, Anglesey Orkney Islands and Denmark. This impulse might be identified with the Cardium Pottery cultures whose Mediterranean diffusion is usually set against the Linear Pottery culture which travels inland from a roughly similar starting point and is sometimes termed the Danubian diffusion.

Equally we are going to look at the Neolithic culture of Europe through vestiges of mythology and ritual to put astronomical observations in a context of establishing a calendar for the annual agricultural rites of sowing and reaping of cereal crops, and the breeding and raising domestic animals. However, this timemap is an offshoot of an investigation of the particular site of Brú na Bóinne and our main investigation will be found in this article. As the scope of the project rather got out of hand the different sections will be published as they're finished.

Notes

  1. Orange Man IconMany of the map icons are very precise and if the orange-man-icon above the magnification slider is dragged (right-click mouse and hold down until over appropriate icon) over the icon of interest on the map, Google's Street-View kicks in and it may be possible to explore the area using the mouse. Click on the white 'X' top right to exit.
  2. Drag timeline from right to left to see sites for different periods. Zoom in and out on the map as appropriate.
  3. Works best in Chrome and Firefox. Fairly good in Safari but popups a bit jumpy in Internet Explorer 9.

European Megalithic

Legend & Filter

Timeline was originally developed by David Huynh as part of the MIT SIMILE project sponsored by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Timemap was developed by Nick Rabinowitz for United Nations humanitarian purposes.     Send Feedback, or suggestions, about the map.