World Mythology

Myths are not folktales, their purpose is not to entertain but to put the individual and collective psyche in accord with the world around it. Joseph Campbell said that: Myths are public dreams, dreams are private myths. When an organisation of symbols rendering the sense of life fail they are called, in the modern parlance, mythology. Such is the power of mythological motifs though, that even after the best information of the day shows the literal interpretation of a myth to be foolish; the myths, often through ritual, can continue to exercise their influence on both the popular and educated mind albeit in an unconscious way.

In his master work, the Masks of God I~IV, Campbell not only traces the evolving response of the human psyche, through myth, to its environment down through the ages in all the main cultures of the world, but also attempts to establish mythology itself on a scientific footing. In this section we will attempt to assemble reasonably complete and representative myths that have a decent narrative thrust and will also try to assign markers to these in order to give them a context. On this page we will present our myths alphabetically by title, to sort more scientifically by their markers and to view as one random list. The complete texts of many myths are also now available online and we've started an index of Online Mythology Collections.

Title Overview Culture
Battle of Moytirra II - The Sons of Tuireann The Tuatha de Danann are preparing for war with the Fomorians. However, Lugh, the new king of the Danann is distracted by the murder of his father, Cian, by the sons of Tuireann. He sets them a near impossible blood-price that will further greatly his war preparations and will also ensure that his father's death is avenged. Celtic
Battle of Moytirra I - The arrival of Lugh The arrival of the Sun God, Lugh, and the preparation of the Tuatha de Danann for war against the Fomorian sea peoples. Celtic
Forty One to Forty Two of Forty Two Myths
Word Sleuth:

*weghos (PIE) - way,path:-

The old PIE root is manifested in English way and German weg. However if we look eastwards, in Sanskrit we have marga. About which, discussing the difference between temporal art and the religious iconography of India's myriad gods and goddesses, Joseph Campbell writes:

In contrast to the figures in works of secular art (desi) they [images of the gods] open the mind to brahman and are know themselves, as the path or the way (marga). The sanskrit marga is derived from mrg, to hunt (by following the track of an animal through the forest to its lair), the animal to be found through contemplation of the image of a god being, of course, that indwelling golden person (purusha) which is one's own eternal portion. (The Way of the Seeded Earth vol1 p29)
Further east we find the notion in Chinese tao or dao, The Way, a comprehensive philosophy of life which unlike the introverted philosophies of India is very much imbued with awe at the physical wonder of the world. Further east again in Japan the word reverts again to many different paths with the word   - dō . It retains its abstract sense and can be found in the names of many disciplines such as Bushidō 武士道 - the Way of the Warrior; Chadō 茶道 - the Way of Tea; Jūdō  柔道  -the Gentle Way; Kendo 剣道  - the Way of the Sword, Aikidō 合気道 - roughly, the Way of Harmonising (with) Life Energy. The indigenous Japanese pantheistic religion is called Shinto 神道, roughly, the way of the spirit/s.
The dash and lower part of the character denotes movement and the right part of the character denotes chief/main. So the kanji in its most prosaic sense means main road.

Title: A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters - Authors: Kenneth G. Henshall - Pub: Charles E.Tuttle Company - ISBN: 4-8053-0509-6
Title: The Way of the Seeded Earth I - The Sacrifice - Authors: Joseph Campbell - Pub: Perennial Library - ISBN: 0-06-096350-6
Title: Wikipedia Articles - Authors: Various - Pub: Wikipedia, - ISBN: n/a